PhD opportunities

Modeling industry electrification and its impact on the electric system

Thesis proposal

Area of expertiseEnergétique et génie des procédés
Doctoral SchoolISMME - Systems Engineering, Materials, Mechanics, Energy
SupervisorM. Robin GIRARD
Co-supervisorM. Fabrizio SOSSAN
Research unitEnergy and Processes
Starting dateOctober 1st 2021
KeywordsIndustry, Optimisation, Energy transition, Flexibility, Electric system
AbstractContext: The industry sector is responsible for 78 Mt CO2eq emitted in 2019 in France. The chemical industry, the manufacturers of construction materials (cement, glass, lime, tiles, etc.), metallurgy and the food industry are the main activities emitting greenhouse gases (GHGs). In a recent study [1], the French energy and environmental agency ADEME showed that there is now a theoretical potential of 24 TWh of additional electricity to replace 42 TWh of fossil fuels in this sector. But several questions remain unanswered. Some are lowering this estimation, because this theoretical potential has not been compared to an adapted modeling of the industrial sites, and others tend to increase the estimation: a certain number of industrial processes have been excluded, and the possible reindustrialisation of France is not taken into account. At the same time, the gradual development of renewable generation on the power system makes more and more relevant the flexibility that industrial consumers can bring when using electricity and the corresponding additional flexibility potential is not taken into account in models today.

Today, industrial electric consumption models are most often obtained by “top-down” statistical methods which start from a large number of aggregated observed consumption curves and deduce an average curve. This type of method is neither suitable for describing the evolution of industry towards the use of new processes, nor for modeling the flexibility that manufacturers can provide. The first objective of the thesis will therefore be to produce a bottom-up model of industrial consumption integrating future processes and the management of the corresponding demand. Different industrial processes can be grouped together to classify the corresponding consumption, and if time permits, the flexibility of large tertiary consumers can also be integrated. These flexibilities models may eventually incorporate technical and economic constraints for consumers, as well as the uncertain environment in which operation decisions are made.

The evaluation of the effect of this future additional electrical load in the industry sector on the electric system dimensioning and cost is not taken into account at that time, and the same applies regarding the value of the associated flexibility for the electrical system. A second objective of this thesis will therefore be to assess the impact of this industrial consumption on the European electricity system. To do this, the RTE Antares tool will be used on a European scale. Different technological options can be modeled, integrating alternatives to electrification. A discussion, and possibly an optimization of these options could then be proposed, with regard to the objectives of the national low carbon strategy or broader energy transition objectives at European level.

To apply for this position, send a CV and a cover letter to and
ProfileEngineer and / or Master - Good level of general and scientific culture. Very good English level. Good analytical, synthesis, innovation and communication skills. Qualities of adaptability and creativity. Educational capacities. Motivation for research activity. Coherent professional project.

Simulation tools (Python or R), optimization, multi-criteria approach, data analysis, energy, economy.
FundingContrat de recherche
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